Order of the Arrow
The purpose of the Order of the Arrow is fourfold:
- To recognize those Scout campers who best exemplify the
Scout Oath and Law in their daily lives
- To develop and maintain camping traditions and spirit
- To promote Scout camping
- To crystallize the Scout habit of helpfulness into a life
purpose of leadership in cheerful service to others
The Order of the Arrow (OA) was founded by Dr. E. Urner Goodman and Carroll A.
Edson in 1915 at the Treasure Island Camp of the Philadelphia Council, Boy Scouts
of America. It became an official program experiment in 1922 and was approved as
part of the Scouting program in 1934. In 1948 the OA, recognized as the BSA's
national brotherhood of honor campers, became an official part of the national
camping program of the Boy Scouts of America.
The OA has more than 181,000 members located in lodges affiliated with more than
300 BSA local councils.
To become a member, a youth must be a registered member of a Boy Scout troop or
Varsity Scout team and hold First Class rank. The youth must have experienced 15
days and nights of camping during the two years before his election. The 15 days
and nights must include one, but no more than one, long-term camp consisting of
six consecutive days and five nights of resident camping, approved and under the
auspices and standards of the Boy Scouts of America. The balance of the camping
must be overnight, weekend, or other short-term camps. Scouts are elected to the
Order by their fellow troop or Varsity team members, following approval by the
Scoutmaster or Varsity Scout Coach.
The induction ceremony, called the Ordeal, is conducted at Scout camp and is
the first step toward full membership. During the experience, candidates maintain
complete silence, receive small amounts of food, work on camp improvement projects,
and are required to sleep alone, apart from other campers, which teaches significant
After 10 months of service and fulfilling certain requirements, a member may
take part in the Brotherhood ceremony, which places further emphasis on the ideals
of Scouting and the Order. Completion of this ceremony signifies full membership
in the OA.
After two years of service as a Brotherhood member, and with the approval of the
national Order of the Arrow Committee, a Scout may be recognized with the Vigil Honor
for outstanding service to Scouting, his lodge, and the community. This honor is
bestowed by special selection and is limited to one person for every 50 members
registered with the lodge each year.
Each Order of the Arrow lodge is granted a charter from the National Council,
BSA, upon annual application by the local council. The OA lodge helps the local
council provide a quality Scouting program through recognition of Scouting spirit
and performance, development of youth leadership and service, promotion of Scout
camping and outdoor programs, and enhancement of membership tenure.
An Order of the Arrow section consists of lodges within a geographic area of
the region. Once every year, representatives of lodges in the section come together
for a conclave to share in fellowship, skills, and training. All of the elected
section chiefs form the conference committee for a national Order of the Arrow
event, which is held under the guidance of the national Order of the Arrow
The regional chief is the youth leader of the region elected by the section
chiefs for a term of office specified by the national Order of the Arrow Committee,
which coincides with the term of national chief and vice chief. This election is
held in conjunction with called meetings of the section chiefs to elect the national
chief and vice chief, as well as to plan a national Order of the Arrow event.
The regional Order of the Arrow chairman is an adult appointed by the regional
director. The professional adviser for the region is a staff member assigned to the
position by the region director.
National Chief and Vice Chief
The national chief and vice chief are Arrowmen selected by the section chiefs,
who form the national Order of the Arrow conference committee. They serve as members
of the national Order of the Arrow Committee, representing the youth on national OA
policy. They also serve as the presiding officers for the national OA event. Their
term of office is specified by the national committee. They are advised in their
responsibilities by the national committee chairman and director of the Order of
National OA Committee Chairman
The national OA committee chairman is appointed by the chairman of the national
Boy Scout Committee. The professional adviser is the director of the Order of the
Arrow, a member of the national Boy Scout Division staff.