Copyright Notice

This file or parts of it may be freely used, printed and re-distributed as long as you enclose this paragraph and keep the references to the respective contributors and to the maintainer (listed below) intact.

We have tried to give credit when we knew where it came from

Is the BSA, or BSA councils places of public accommodation or a business establishment?

Date: 28 June 2000

The Boy Scouts of America was held not to be a place of public accommodation under federal law in Welsh v. Boy Scouts of America, (7th Cir. 1993). see:

On June 28, 2000 the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that Applying New Jersey's public accommodations law to require the Boy Scouts to admit Dale (an avowed homosexual) violates the Boy Scouts' First Amendment right of expressive association. Government actions that unconstitutionally burden that right may take many forms, one of which is intrusion into a group's internal affairs by forcing it to accept a member it does not desire...The state interests embodied in New Jersey's public accommodations law do not justify such a severe intrusion on the freedom of expressive association. In so ruling, the Court is not guided by its view of whether the Boy Scouts' teachings with respect to homosexual conduct are right or wrong; public or judicial disapproval of an organization's expression does not justify the State's effort to compel the organization to accept members in derogation of the organization's expressive message. While the law may promote all sorts of conduct in place of harmful behavior, it may not interfere with speech for no better reason than promoting an approved message or discouraging a disfavored one, however enlightened either purpose may seem. see:

In May, 1997, a federal court in San Diego ruled the Scouts is not a business and does not have to give a leadership post back to a gay police officer who was forced out after he disclosed his sexuality.

A similar ruling has come down in court cases in a number of states.

In June, 1999, the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission dismissed a lawsuit seeking to use state public accommodations law to override Boy Scouts' membership policies. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission voted to dismiss a complaint filed in 1993 by atheist activist Margaret Downey-Schottmiller who sued to become an adult volunteer leader in Chester County Council, Boy Scouts of America. Boy Scouts have won previous cases under the federal public accommodations law and the public accommodations laws of five states -- California, Connecticut, Oregon, Kansas, and Minnesota.

On March 23, 1998, in a pair of unanimous rulings, the California Supreme Court ruled that Boy Scout groups were not "businesses". For more information see Curran v. Mount Diablo etc. Boy Scouts 3/23/98 and Randall v. Orange Co. etc. Boy Scouts 3/23/98 under Supreme Court opinions at:

This page has been accessed  $pagecount"; ?> times. Since November 10th, 2000